Phytoestrogens for women are considered an analogue of natural sex hormones. They are not a complete replacement for human estrogens and are not recognized as official medicine, but from the point of view of traditional medicine they help normalize the hormonal background in complex therapy. Hormone analogues will also not harm healthy women, but they should be dosed.
Why are estrogens needed?
Natural human estrogens are hormones of the first phase of the menstrual cycle. They are produced in the ovaries under the influence of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The main function of FSH is the development of follicles, among which one dominant is distinguished, preparation for ovulation, restoration of the endometrium after menstruation and increased sexual desire.
phytoestrogens for women
Phytoestrogens are similar in action to natural female hormones
Exposure to estrogens outside the reproductive system:
Strengthening bones, improving the absorption of calcium, in girls - closing the growth zones in the bones;
Strengthening muscle activity;
Improving the condition of the skin, hair and nails;
Increased blood coagulation;
Increased blood pressure;
Strengthening the synthesis of transport proteins in the liver;
Decreased intestinal muscle tone
Decreased fluid excretion by the kidneys;
Increased excitability of the nervous system.
With a lack of their own estrogens, drugs are prescribed that compensate for these phenomena. They can contain synthesized compounds that are completely analogous to human hormones, as well as those obtained from plants that are close in structure to human ones and with similar effects.
Differences between phytoestrogens and natural hormones
Plant hormones are primarily intended to protect plants from excess solar radiation. They also act as antioxidants. Therefore, most of them are found in alpine and steppe plants growing in bright sunlight.
By their structure, these substances are not hormones, but after digestion in the digestive tract, they become able to bind to receptors designed for natural estrogens. Accordingly, the body reacts to phytoetrogens in the same way as to its own hormones.
The benefits of drugs with phytoestrogens
In the female body, two main estrogens are produced - estrone and estradiol. The effects of natural estradiol help maintain a slim figure, so young girls remain slim without much effort. But its predecessor estrone has the exact opposite effect.
The main feature of plant hormones is that their effect accumulates over time and does not appear immediately. It is worth paying attention to the fact that preparations with phytoestrogens can have not only an estrogen-like, but also an anti-estrogenic effect, i.e. block receptors for real estrogens, preventing them from showing their effect.
This can be used in the treatment of various diseases, including those associated with an excess of sex hormones.
The most noticeable effect is an improvement in the condition of the skin and hair, the fight against excess weight, and to a lesser extent, the effect on the reproductive system. Therefore, phytoestrogens for women are prescribed to improve the appearance, but closer analogues are prescribed for the treatment of serious hormonal failures.
What foods contain phytoestrogens
Phytoestrogens can be obtained from various sources. It is easiest and most beneficial to add foods containing phytoestrogens to your diet. Leaders in the content of hormone analogues:
Flaxseed and linseed oil;
Different types of cabbage;
Estrogen in foods may not be enough. It is important to follow the general principles of a healthy diet, count calories, avoid overeating and at the same time ensure that the body receives all the necessary nutrients. The diet will give a much stronger effect if you increase motor activity, as well as avoid stress, normalize the mode of work and rest.
The patient can get a sufficient amount of phytoestrogens from medications. In pharmacies you can find a fairly long list of homeopathic remedies and dietary supplements - Qi-Klim, Remens, Femiwell and others. All of them are sold without a prescription, you can buy them yourself. So often women do during menopause to mitigate its effects. Nevertheless, it is better not to prescribe treatment yourself, but to seek the advice of a gynecologist. The same symptoms can manifest completely different conditions and diseases.
Face and body masks
The main goal of phytoestrogens for women is to preserve beauty. Vegetable face masks are made on their basis - they can be bought ready-made or made independently. The most popular component of such mixtures is clover flowers. Of these, not only masks are made, but also solutions for washing and douching, decoctions for ingestion.